Pyxis of Kalamion

Pyxis of Kalamion

2013-05-07 @ 1:55:22 AM

The following comes from this Facebook page sponsored by a musicologist in Spain:

‘Pyxis’ de Kalamion (Minoico Final), con una visión mejor de la lira (Museo de Canea, Creta). Tiene 7 cuerdas y su caja de resonancia tiene forma de media luna. Las cuerdas van atadas a un punto de apoyo sobre la caja que solo tiene paralelos con el “nablo” fenicio/hebreo y con la lira de Luna (Zaragoza). La pieza es de 1350 – 1325 a.C.

‘Pyxis’ from Kalamion (Chania, Crete). Lyre with 7 strings and a half-moon shaped soundbox. The object on the top of de soundbox, only finds parallels with the Phoenician/Hebrew ‘nevel’ [the Phoenician word is ‘nabla’] and the Spanish lyre from Luna (Saragossa). [The piece dates from between 1350-1325 B.C.]

(יוחנן רכב הסופר)

Categories: Ancient Music, Facebook, Internet, Musicology, So Nice I Blogged It Twice | Tags: , , , , | 5 Comments

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  1. What a beautiful piece of art. I’d love to hear how it sounds.

  2. Reblogged this on The Chronicles of Johanan Rakkav and commented:

    An unexpected treat… see, Facebook is good for something! :)

    • Maybe one day I will have a facebook acct. If I could only get someone to set it up for me ;) And if I had something wonderfully awesome to put on my facebook. Maybe a new life, love marriage, adventures to new lands… One day. :)

  3. It is certainly ironic that evidence of this instrument, which in every way resembles the only known depictions of what was presumbably the Biblical Nevel (on both the Acco coins & later, the Bar Kockhba coins), was found in Crete – which according to several reputable sources, may well have been the orginal homeland of the Philistines, the arch enemies of the emerging Israelite nation! I find it fascinating that even ancient cultures who have traditionallly been enemies, still quite obviously exchanged musical ideas across both their political & religious boundaries, as this evidence clearly seems to suggest?

    • Yes, and this is VERY far from the only example. The gittith (Ps. 8) likely came from Gath. (Maybe it was their version of the lyra or kithara? Who can say, but it had a bright tone like that of a Celtic harp made from maple.) King Nebuchadnezzar imported the kithara from Greece (as Daniel hints) and maybe the bagpipe from Persia (ditto). Throughout the Middle Ages Jewish, Christian and Muslim music influenced each other.

      It’s nonsense to say, as I think Peter Pringle has on THE LYRE, that Jewish music has remained unchanged. On the contrary, no music has been more ready to absorb and adapt outside influences – nothing short of a consecrated priesthood and/or school of prophets could or ever did prevent that. It’s a pleasant fiction for Rabbinic Judaism, or some of it, to believe in the unchanging character of its liturgy, but the idea is by now far outdated. Most synagogue cantors in the world are folk musicians (I speak not of numbers but of categories of rites), with all the openness to outside influence that implies.

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